The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for Under Graduate Medical Program, referred to as NEET-UG, or more popularly as NEET, is an all India level common entrance test conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) for admissions in MBBS and BDS courses at various government and private medical colleges within the country. The first time started in 2013, the exam has replaced past AIPMT (All India Pre-Medical Test) to serve as a general platform for medical/dental admissions in India.
Although the NEET Entrance Exam was conceived as a universal gateway for admissions in MBBS/BDS, it initially didn't serve the plan in 2013 as many colleges secured a stay order from the apex court for conducting private entrance examinations for admissions to their own courses.
On the 18th of July, 2013, the Supreme Court passed a very uncertain verdict canceling the NEET exam while responding to multiple requests which had challenged the legality of the examination based on the argument of dilution of autonomous admission rights of colleges and universities. However, NEET has reinstated in 2016 after a 5-judge constitutional bench of the apex court overruled the earlier judgment. In 2017, it became the only window for the entrance examination for all medical and dental seats in India at Undergraduate level aside from the seats offered at JIPMER MBBS and AIIMS MBBS.
A complete of 14,10,754 candidates appeared in NEET-2019 for the 1,02,586 MBBS/BDS seats available across 842 medical and dental colleges respectively within the country.
Approx Exam Dates:
NEET 2020 is predicted to be conducted by May 3rd this year. As per its exam pattern which follows the AIPMT, NEET is going to be held as a pen-paper based exam with Hindi, English, Gujarati, Marathi, Oriya, Bengali, Assamese, Telugu, Tamil and Kannada available as language choices. The paper will comprise 180 multiple choice questions which will have to be attempted during a span of three hours.
The syllabus of NEET, provided by the Medical Council of India (MCI) after the survey of various State syllabi also as those prepared by CBSE, NCERT, and COBSE, which incorporates several topics and chapters from Class 11 and class 12. Out of the 180 questions, 45 questions each are going to be from Physics and Chemistry and 90 questions are going to be from the Biology section, consisting of Botany and Zoology sub-sections.
The exam is going to be out of a total of 720 marks. Each question will carry 4 marks while 1 mark is going to be deducted for an inaccurate answer. This implies that aspirants will be having average only around a minute at their disposal to attempt one question, so speed and precision are the key factors.
How To Apply For The Exam?
The application form for NEET 2019 is expected to start in online mode from December 2, 2019, onward while the admit card will likely be issued in April end. Those engaged in applying should ensure that they must clear the given eligibility standards. Only those that have completed a minimum of 17 years of age at the time of admissions or will complete 17 years as on or before December 31, 2019, are going to be eligible for admissions through NEET.
Also, in terms of educational eligibility, General Category candidates should have secured a minimum of 50% marks in PCB subjects (in addition to obtaining pass marks in English) while SC/ ST/ OBC aspirants should have secured 40% scores in PCB in their Class 12 qualifying exam.
Now we will discuss the top reasons why should one go for NEET.
The aim of NEET is to possess one standardized entrance test for medical courses and it's a decent move to enhance the quality of medical education in INDIA. Here are some privileges of being a NEET aspirant:
1. The advantages of a common entrance test: NEET would stop Private Medical Colleges and Deemed Universities from holding their own set of entrance examinations. Also, it could prevent rigging the rankings to induce people who don’t deserve to become Doctors into the system.
2. Reduced pressure among students: Fewer entrance tests for admission into medical colleges will reduce the pressure of the candidates who are in anxiety while preparing for various tests and covering different syllabuses. With the help of NEET, they will become experts in one exam pattern or syllabus. It also makes the aspirants more positive and determined.
3. Students will get more extra time: Students were expected to solve 200 questions in 3 hours, in AIPMT Prelims Test. Whereas in NEET, they're required to solve only 180 questions within the same duration. This provides them more time to think and focus which will translate to be a plus point for the aspirants. They will be less worried about missing out questions and from the additional time, they will get the chance to look back on the paper completely. They will get a much better chance to score better.
4. Equal opportunity for everyone: Aspirants will have a reasonable chance to secure a seat in any medical college in any state. They could get the seat into the foremost prestigious college within the nation by appearing the NEET exam. From that result, it'll estimate where the students stand against all the competition and race for the seat.
5. NEET doesn’t affect reservations for students:
States can apply their old reservation system as said by their state governments. eg: Nearly 69% of medical jobs in Tamil Nadu were in the reserved category but based on Class 12 results. Now the rankings will be based on NEET marks but the reservations remain at 69%.
6. Fair and transparent process: The state and independent entrances exams have hardly been honest or transparent. There are multiple episodes of paper leaks and scams from various state entrances and private medical colleges. NEET will stop a repetition of such incidents.
7. No more seats blocking scams or corruption: This is one of the most popular aspects of medical education. It happens more in the states which have an infinite number of private medical colleges. So, as NEET aspirants you don’t need to bother. In order to this common entrance exam for medical education, there'll be no back-office corruption and no taking of substantial donations to ensure seats. Getting admission in a prestigious medical university will totally depend on your NEET Score.